quality-adjusted life year (QALY) approach as a basis for health care resource allocation
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quality-adjusted life year (QALY) approach as a basis for health care resource allocation the validity of a QALY measure and the application of QALYs to clinical practice. by Douglas William McCulloch

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Published by The Author] in [s.l .
Written in English


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Edition Notes

Thesis (D.Phil.) - University of Ulster, 1998.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18068982M

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16 rows  Diabetes Quality Adjusted Life Year, or QALYs, is a measure that accounts for early . a year of life at % of normal quality. This would be a QALY of 1. Health experts widely accept the following: A year of perfect health has a QALY of 1. A year of less than perfect health has a QALY between 0 and 1. Death has a QALY of 0. Scenario 2 Again imagine a person who is fully healthy but has a risk of sudden Size: KB. The Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY) is a standardized measure of disease burden which combines both survival and health-related quality of life into a single index. The QALY is primarily used in cost-effectiveness analyses to guide decisions regarding the distribution of limited health care resources among competing health programs or interventions for a population of interest, but has also. A study that measured QALY (Quality Adjusted Life Year) reductions in people suffering from osteoporotic fractures found reductions ranging from to on a scale of 0 (represents death) to 1 (represents prefect health).

This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Quality Adjusted Life Year, QALY. The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is a measure of clinical effectiveness, based on utility, which is used to compare different programs and technologies. The different proposals to estimate a threshold of acceptability for a QALY are based on one of the fundamental elements Cited by:   Quality adjusted life year (QALY): A year of life adjusted for its quality or its value. A year in perfect health is considered equal to QALY. The value of a year in ill health would be discounted. For example, a year bedridden might have a value equal to QALY. Relatively healthy hip fracture patients report a 52% reduction in QALY (Quality Adjusted Life Year) in the first 12 months, and a 21% reduction in the first 2 years. Osteoporosis Tosteson, Anna N., Sherine Gabriel, Margaret Grove, Megan Moncur, Terry Kneeland, L. Joseph Melton.

  Thus the “quality-adjusted life year” was born (or QALY for short). The QALY for a procedure is calculated on a scale from 0 (dead) to 1 (one year of full health). The QALY calculates the amount of time (pro-rated for health) a health intervention adds to the patient’s life.   The additional survival gained by the use of an intervention is adjusted to account for the degree of health impairment experienced by the patient. For example, 1 year of additional survival in full health or 2 years of additional survival with 50% impairment both equate to a gain of one QALY. T1 - European Value of a Quality Adjusted Life Year AU - Kharroubi, Samer AU - Donaldson, C, Robinson A, Persson U, Khatiba RA, Poznanski D, Baker R, Wildman J, Jones-Lee M, Lancsar E, Mason H, Bell S, Pennington M, Olsen JA, Bacon P, Gyrd-Hansen D, Kjaer T, Bech M, Nielsen JS, Bergman A, Protière C, Moatti JP, Luchini S, Pinto Prad.   quality-adjusted life year (plural quality-adjusted life years) (medicine) A unit of measurement, equivalent to one year of life in perfect health, that can be used to decide whether a medical procedure is worthwhile for an individual.